We had been married six years and five months that Thanks-
giving. I savored the crisp autumn morning from our big
bed, enjoying the smells wafting up from the kitchen. Lisa sent our
four-year-old up the stairs to wake me for breakfast. When I heard
her little slippers scraping across the floorboards, I shut my eyes and
“Daddy?” her sweet whisper called inches from my ear, “are you
I pretended to snore. As expected, a wet finger went into my ear.
I howled in mock shock. Sophie squealed and fled the bedroom. I
caught her in the hallway, scooped her up, and threw her over my
Downstairs, Lisa accepted my kiss as she peeled a mountain of
carrots. I swung Sophie around to give her an upside-down peck.
“You got Daddy out of bed. Good job, sweetie.”
“I gave him a wet-willie again,” she giggled and scampered off
It was our first attempt at hosting the annual family Thanksgiv-
ing in our little Philadelphia suburban home. The event for our clan
was a twenty-person affair with five veteran Thanksgiving meal
preparers in attendance: two mothers, two grandmothers, and one
Lisa looked at me for a split-second between flying carrot
wedges. “When you’re dressed, I need you to get me some Cool
She projected a calm veneer, but the speed she was chopping
things begged otherwise. A Navy Seal team seconds from the start
of a mission couldn’t have been more pumped.
“And I’m out of cream cheese, too,” she called.
“How much do you need?” I yelled through the neck of my
shirt.“A large box. Get the Philadelphia brand. Your grandmother
“Cool Whip and Philadelphia, got it.”
“Cider, got it.” I bolted down the stairs two at a time.
“Not the store kind. Go to the cider place on Fagleysville
“And hurry back. I need help with the tables and chairs.”
I scooped Sophie up, relishing her little arms choking my neck.
“Mommy might need your help here. You stay and watch the parade,
okay?” A quick kiss and I was off.
The mini-mart had Cool Whip but was out of cream cheese.
I drove to a grocery store across town. It was a mob scene inside.
Twenty minutes later, I was out the door with my single purchase.
It landed in the back seat beside the defrosting Cool Whip. On the
way to the cider place, my cell phone buzzed.
“Sorry, the mini-mart didn’t have cream cheese, so I—”
“Daddy, the Snoopy balloon is flying away!”
It took me a minute to realize Sophie was talking about the
Macy’s Parade. “Snoopy got away, huh?”
“You should see it. They let go of his strings and he flew way
I drove to the cider place. It was an old-fashioned family-run
business with a small alcove and a cash box instead of a register.
Cider was dispensed from a giant storage tank through a simple
garden hose. The lady behind the counter chatted with the customer
ahead of me and it was a while before she could fill my order. When
she had, I strapped the cider in with the seat belt and pulled out
My cell rang again. It was an all-too-familiar voice, but the
I was startled by her tone. And confused. What was she doing
“Lisa? I’m on my way. The mini-mart was out of cr—”
I sped up my already fast pace, then cringed as a police car flew
up on my tail. At the last second, he swerved and zoomed past me.
I sighed with relief. Probably chasing another speeder.
I reduced the half-hour trip home to eighteen minutes, flying
into our development and rushing past the tree-lined streets and
1940’s homes. As I turned onto my cul-de-sac, my heart froze.
Reflecting off the windows of the corner house was the tell-tale
flashing of red-and-blue emergency lights.
My heart hammered in my chest. Down the street, a half dozen
police cars gathered in our front yard. Some had skidded up on the
front lawn. An ambulance careened around the corner behind me
and roared past, screeching to a halt in front of my driveway.
I left the engine running and ran past a cluster of neighbors.
A cop stopped me cold at the edge of the drive. I tried to argue
my way past. The EMTs from the ambulance pulled two stretch-
ers out and ran up the walk. A man with a badge hanging from
his neck intercepted them. A few sentences were exchanged. One
of the EMTs glanced at me. His face looked grim. They stepped
back, clearly not in a hurry anymore. I argued with the cop to let
me through. My family was in there, for God’s sake.
The man with the badge came towards me. “Mr. Wright?”
That was when my world came to an end.
My wife and daughter were buried during a sleet storm one
week before Christmas. I tried moving back into the house after the
police had concluded their investigation and the insurance company
had finished cleaning, but I didn’t last long. I kept seeing my wife’s
face. My cousin found me weeping in the driveway and took me in
for awhile. The hospital gave me new meds and my boss gave me
more time off. Guess you don’t know how many friends you have
I discovered I had a lot, including an old buddy from the Navy.
He called and invited me down to Costa Rica to clear my head.
Actually, he called every week, asking if I’d made a decision and
promising to send an extraction team if I kept saying no.
“I need you down here,” he’d said.
“I’m an architect, not an archeologist.” I’d countered.
“That’s why I need you. We found something.”
“Can’t tell you over the phone. Get your body down here and
It was a bumpy flight over the Gulf of Mexico. I spent a lot
of time in the airplane restroom, clutching a picture of Lisa and
Sophie, staring at their faces, trying to purge the memories of the
trial.“Ladies and gentlemen of the jury, as you can see from the enlargement photos, the wife and daughter suf ered multiple stab wounds to the …”
The picture slipped from my fingers. I leaned over the little
metal sink and silently sobbed my guts out.
Later, the jet taxied to its assigned gate and rolled to a stop. The
buildings had been scarred by a recent hurricane. Metal siding had
peeled away as if a god had tried to pry his way inside. The flight
attendant announced that the jetway had been damaged by the
storm and we would have to de-plane by the stairs.
I stepped out and felt the warm sun on my brow. Costa Rica
If I could only be transported miraculously back in time. If
this was last summer, maybe I could have done things differ-
ently—somehow saved my family. Moved to a different house that
wouldn’t have been mistaken by a doped-up thief as being empty
because the car wasn’t in the driveway.
I pushed the reflection aside and followed the crowd down the
first step, squeezing my eyes against the nightmare image disrupting
my thoughts. I gripped the rail and sucked in warm tropics, anchor-
ing myself with the scent of engine exhaust and moist air. That
helped a little. It was a distinct change from frozen Philadelphia.
A long bank of windows stretched across the terminal, framing
waiting families who waved to loved ones. White smiles on cof-
fee-colored faces, their exuberance was infectious. This trip was
an opportunity for me to get away from the firm, hang out with an
old friend, slow down and try to rebuild.
I followed the chattering passengers to the ground. A flash of
blonde hair in the windows made me freeze. The woman stood rock
still behind the crowd, staring at me. My feet turned to lead.
It wasn’t the first time I’d seen her since her death. I’d seen her
Christmas Eve hovering in the bathroom mirror.
I couldn’t help myself. I kept staring from the last step.
The passengers pressed forward, and I stumbled to the tarmac.
In a daze, I followed the passengers into the terminal. It
swarmed with humanity. I’d avoided crowds for a long time. After
the funeral, I’d spent Christmas holed up like a hermit in my rav-
aged home, eating macaroni from a pot and sleeping on the couch
in front of a roaring fire, avoiding the upstairs bedroom.
Krax whistled when he spotted me going through Customs.
I was loaded down with bags on both shoulders. He crossed the
security boundary, ignored an irritated guard, and gave me a bear
I dropped my bags and returned his fierce hug. My best friend,
who I hadn’t seen since my wedding. Hair longer and beard strag-
glier, but with the same gleam in his deep-set eyes and the same pair
of tarnished John Lennon glasses he’d worn since college.
I owed him an apology. “Sorry I kept saying no to your invita-
tion. I wasn’t trying to blow you off.”
He pshawed. “I was starting to wonder when you’d finally give
in.” His eyes filled with concern. “You look like you’ve been run
He squeezed my shoulder. “We’ll get through this. You need
time, friends, and the perfect change of scenery. We got all three
“You always could fly me out of a tight spot.”
“Never lost a Seal yet,” he grinned. He shouldered one of my
bags. “The salida’s this way. That’s ‘exit.’ You’ll want to brush up on
your Spanish. You’re staying longer than two weeks. Nope, don’t
start. I’m not taking no for an answer. We’ve been waiting a long
time for you to come down here. Need your weird brain to figure
out what we found. Hang onto your gear; this ain’t Switzerland.
Anything that isn’t guarded disappears fast.”
We wove through the crowd of eco tourists, business people,
and returning nationals. Never call them locals, I learned.
Mounted on the ceiling, near the flights arriving and departing
monitors, a flat screen displayed a well-dressed woman with a per-
fect smile and jet black hair. I strained to comprehend her Spanish
over the din. Something about an emergency.
Krax focused on the monitor. The woman’s face was replaced
by a building collapsing into rubble. His brightened. “What to do
We pushed through the exit, back into the blazing sunshine. I
heard a loud whistle followed by someone calling Krax’s name. A
young man lounging beside a beat-up yellow Land Rover was the
source. He had sandy blonde hair with a Dodgers cap riding high.
The Rover was wedged up on the lawn between several other cars,
under the shade of a knurly tree with a trunk as wide as four men.
Krax yelled back in Spanish and beckoned me to follow.
“Jordan, meet Greg. He’s here from San Luis Obispo under
the guise of studying archeology, but we know he’s just here for
Greg had the carefree smile of someone who lived in perfect
weather. He shook my hand. “Krax told me what you two did
“Well, not everything,” Krax inserted. “I left out Paris.”
Greg’s smile faded. “Sorry about your loss, man. Can’t imagine
I liked him instantly. Then again, anyone who hung out with
Krax had to be good. That, or eventually they’d get that way. Krax
Greg tossed my gear into the back as I climbed in behind the
driver’s seat. Krax rode shotgun. Greg brought the ancient truck to
life with a deafening roar. He stomped on the gas and shot off the
curb in reverse while I searched for a seat belt. There were none.
The narrow road swarmed with fast-moving cars and dust-
covered trucks. They followed so close their bumpers practically
touched. As we flew through the outskirts of San Jose, Krax turned
“Main road to Quepos is blocked. A landslide from the hur-
That didn’t explain the Dramamine, but I took it.
Krax carried on a loud conversation with us in Spanish. I fol-
lowed for a while, glad for the practice. Then I fell behind when
Dust blew in my face. My window was down because it no
longer went up. I watched the scenery zip by as the sun washed
over me, the humid air whistling past my face. Emerald green fields
fenced in with a neat row of caramel-colored branches flashed by,
interrupted by tangled remnants of jungle and secondary forest. The
branches forming the fence had leaves all over them.
Greg pointed. “Cool, huh? When a farmer needs to fence some-
thing in, he just whacks branches off a tree and shoves them in the
ground. They root on the spot, and instant fence.”
Concrete-block houses with corrugated metal doors were tucked
between the fields, with heavy bars on the windows. Gas stations
with open-air mini-marts were packed with people seated on shady
ceramic tile patios. Young children ran through the yards, chas-
ing chickens and skinny dogs. A roadside stand whipped past, the
rough tables piled high with colorful fruit, only half I recognized.
Cattle slept under a giant shade tree. A farmhouse was set far back
in the middle of a field, surrounded on three sides by a deep porch.
Its pink stucco walls were splashed with mud. In front, a man in a
white shirt and trousers lounged in a plastic lawn chair, a toddler
I quickly looked out the other side of the Rover.
High in the hills were expensive white villas with red tile roofs.
Thunderheads crested the ridge. The tallest peaks wore mantles of
cottony clouds. The land was magnificent and different from home.
Different was helpful. I wavered back to feeling hopeful.
Krax got a call on his cell. He talked rapidly, giving a thumbs-
up, as if the person was seated next to him. He snapped the phone
shut. “Good news. Laura made progress.”
“You mean she got the corner exposed?” Greg asked.
“Yep.” Krax looked back at me. “Change of plans. The Mayans
are calling. We’re heading straight to the dig site.”
Greg shot a look at him. “Yeah, like it’s even Mayan.”
“You found something that isn’t Mayan?” Fatigue from travel-
ing and not sleeping for a month sloughed off and I felt a spark of
We took a detour somewhere in the mountains. Only a few
roads led to the coast and landslides clogged the main route. Most
of the traffic opted for the same detour. Cars and trucks funneled
onto the small road and pressed forward. Greg swerved to avoid
debris in our lane. He jockeyed back just before an oncoming car
Everyone seemed to be moving at the fastest speed possible
without causing death or dismemberment. A gleaming Mercedes
roared past and squeezed in front of us to miss an oncoming eigh-
teen-wheeler. Greg stood on the brakes to avoid driving up the
Krax chattered as if nothing had happened. We wound steadily
through mountain passes flanked on both sides by fields of tattered
coffee and banana trees. Jungle fil ed the gaps in between. The road
deteriorated as we raced around hairpin turns and teeth-rattling
stretches of potholed shoulders clinging to the sides of crumbling
cliffs. I should have lost my lunch, but the Dramamine did its job
and kept my stomach from offloading.
I dozed off for a minute. My eyelids felt like concrete, and it was
almost impossible to force them open. But I needed to, because for
some reason, I floated out of my seat.
We landed hard. The Rover’s frame groaned and the shocks
bottomed out. Greg kept going straight as drivers honked in an-
noyance. Krax looked back and examined the road with a quizzical
eye. Then his face brightened. “We didn’t lose anything.”
His round glasses were covered with a film of fine dust. He
spun back in his seat and stabbed a finger at an intersection we
were hurtling through. “Greg, turn! Turn!”
Greg stomped on the brakes and spun the wheel. “Sorry, man,
The tires squealed in protest. He overshot the intersection,
fishtailed around a telephone pole, bounced over the corner of
somebody’s parking lot, and accelerated down a dirt road cut into
thick jungle. Reddish brown dust billowed through the open win-
Krax calmly cleaned his glasses with the front of his T-shirt.
“Check this out, buddy. An old growth rainforest.”
Sunlight flickered across my eyes, filtered by tall trees. We
bounced along a dirt trail wide enough for only one vehicle. The
lacy jungle canopy stretched above us.
I had trained in the wilderness years ago, but nothing like this.
Moss and orchid-covered branches paraded by very high up. I
wanted to take everything in, but as Krax had so aptly professed,
The Dramamine pulled me back to sleep. As I drifted off, I
worried about the nightmares coming back. I didn’t want to scream
in my sleep and freak anyone out. But all I dreamed about were
strange fruit and children chasing chickens. What a relief.
A hand gently shook my shoulder. The car was still. I heard
birds clacking and whistling to each other deep in the jungle.
“Hey, Jordan, wake up, buddy. We’re here.”
I looked out the window and stared into a dense growth of
glistening leaves and brown ropy vines. Splashes of red and orange
flowers dangled like Chinese fireworks, their blooms serviced by
wasps and hummingbirds. The air was hot, thick, and salty.
I followed them through the jungle. It may have been classified
as old growth rainforest but I knew otherwise. This land had been
many things in the last fifty thousand years: farmland, meadow,
desert, ocean floor, searing lava. Only in the last few millennia had
Krax carried a machete but only used it a couple of times to
hack a stray branch. The trail was well worn. Scrapes on the trees
and rocks told me heavy stuff had squeezed through here. Screeches
sounded above us. Whatever they were, I couldn’t spot them
through the leaves. Then a troop of white-faced monkeys clam-
bered out. They jumped up and down, shaking the thin branches
Greg laughed. “Us. We’re trespassing.”
The males pulled leaves and twigs off the branches and hurled
them at us. A litter of debris fell as we passed underneath. A green
“That’s poop,” Krax called over his shoulder. “Don’t worry,
they’re lousy aims.” He gave me an appraising look. “You’ll need
His cell phone rang. He talked in rapid Spanish and snapped
it shut. “Laura went into town to get replacement parts for the
I was about to ask who Kate was when an unexpected break
in the jungle revealed a steep hillside with Brahman cattle grazing
through tall grass. The large humps behind their shoulders swayed
as they scrambled to give us a wide berth. Some trees had been
knocked over. Those still standing dangled splintered branches
“The storm was a category three,” Krax said. “By the time it
got over the mountains, it had degraded to a category one: winds
and rain. Lots of rain.” He pointed uphill with his machete. “Dig’s
We headed toward a tarp on tent poles stretched over a rectan-
gular pit at the far end of a meadow. An electric fence was strung
around on tree-branch fence posts to keep the cattle away. Care-
fully marked out lines and piles of sifted soil drew me like a kid at
Christmas. Tell-tale signs of a small Mayan settlement protruded
from the perfectly flat excavation pit.
I felt the timelessness of this place. I felt their presence, the
people who’d called this mountain their home seventeen centuries
“Yep, Classic Period. That’s a hearth over there. Found some
ceramic figurines and a stone compass bowl.”
“No such luck,” he laughed. “It wasn’t turning out to be all that
rich of a site. Then the storm came and changed everything.”
“So, why are you questioning whether it’s Mayan?”
The study area stretched the length of a volleyball court. Far-
ther back, I saw signs of heavy erosion. Broken tent poles and bits
of old tarp lay in the weeds. We walked past an exploration trench
and then descended a twelve-foot ladder. The damage from the
storm was very evident. The deeper excavation must have acted
like a retention basin, collecting the runoff and concentrating it at
“Twelve inches in three hours. Friggin’ Noah’s flood.”
The soft ground had eroded into an arroyo almost fifty feet
deep. The sides were back-braced with a spider network of timbers.
The bottom was a flat mud floor, piled with a jumble of heavy crates.
Steps had been cut into the slope to allow access to the bottom.
“The crates washed down there?” I asked.
“Nope, we put them in afterwards to hide the entrance.”
Greg took a seat on a crate and pulled out his iPod. “I’ll stay
up here and keep an eye out for the girls.”
Krax worked a key into a rusted padlock. “We have to keep
things camouflaged from looters. Artifacts are a lucrative com-
I thought of Lisa and Sophie. We had talked about going to
a demonstration dig for kids in Williamsburg when Sophie got a
Krax freed the padlock and tugged at the side of a crate. It was
I shook the memories free and peered in. Four hardhats, climb-
ing ropes, and various tools were stacked around the interior of the
spacious crate. In the floor was an open hatch from which protruded
“When the storm flooded the dig, a sink hole opened.”
I stared down the ladder. Rungs disappeared into nothingness.
Krax handed me a hardhat with a headlamp duct-taped to the front.
A sly smile spread across his face. “Deep enough.”
AGRI NAK. V ol. 01 No. 1 Se ptember 2011: 48: 51 KAJIAN KUALITAS DAN KUANTITAS BAKTERI ASAM LAKTAT SILASE RANSUM KOMPLIT HASIL SAMPING JAGUNG YANG DIKAPSULASI MENGGUNAKAN BAHAN DAN METODE BERBEDA Fakultas Pertanian dan Peternakan Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau *Alamat Kontak: Kampus II Raja Ali Haji Jln. Soebrantas KM 15 Panam – Pekanbaru email:[email protected]
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