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Swine Flu H1N1
What is swine flu?
Swine Influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory disease of pigs
caused by Type A influenza viruses that causes regular
outbreaks in pigs.

Swine flu viruses have been reported to spread from person-
to-person, but in the past, this transmission was limited and
not sustained beyond three people.

Is the current swine flu virus contagious?
Various international agencies (US Centers for Disease
Control & Prevention, World Health Organization) have
determined that this swine influenza A (H1N1) virus is
contagious and is spreading from human to human.

WHO has escalated the world Pandemic Phase from Phase 3
to Phase 4 (in a 6-scale Phase), indicating that a worldwide
pandemic due to swine flu H1N1 is possible.

What are the signs and symptoms of swine flu
in people?

The symptoms of swine flu in people are similar to the symptoms
of regular human flu and include fever, cough, sore throat, body
aches, headache, chills and fatigue.

Some people have reported diarrhea and vomiting associated with
swine flu. In the past, severe illness (pneumonia and respiratory
failure) and deaths have been reported with swine flu infection in
people.

Like seasonal flu, swine flu may cause a worsening of underlying
chronic medical conditions.

How does swine flu spread?
Spread of this swine influenza A (H1N1) virus is thought to be
happening in the same way that seasonal flu spreads.

Flu viruses are spread mainly from person to person through
coughing or sneezing of people with influenza.

Sometimes people may become infected by touching something with
live flu viruses on it and then touching their mouth or nose.

How are human infections with swine
influenza diagnosed?

To diagnose swine influenza A infection, a respiratory specimen
would generally need to be collected within the first 4 to 5 days of
illness (when an infected person is most likely to be shedding virus).

However, some persons, especially children, may shed virus for 10
days or longer.

Identification as a swine flu influenza A virus requires sending the
specimen to a hospital laboratory for testing.

How can someone with the flu infect someone
else?

Infected people may be able to infect others beginning 1 day
before symptoms develop and up to 7 or more days after becoming
sick.

That means that you may be able to pass on the flu to someone
else before you know you are sick, as well as while you are sick.

How long can an infected person spread
swine flu to others?

People with swine influenza virus infection should be considered
potentially contagious as long as they are symptomatic and
possible for up to 7 days following illness onset.

Children, especially younger children, might potentially be
contagious for longer periods.

Is there a vaccine for Pandemic Flu?
Because the virus is new, there will be no vaccine ready to
protect against pandemic flu.
Vaccine against Swine Flu virus H1N1 needs at least 6-12
months to be produced.
Seasonal flu vaccine or past flu immunization will not provide
protection.
Are there medicines to treat swine flu?
Yes. The US CDC recommends the use of oseltamivir (Tamiflu®)
or zanamivir (Relenza®) for the treatment and/or prevention of
infection with these swine influenza viruses.

Antiviral drugs are prescription medicines (pills, liquid or an
inhaler) that fight against the flu by keeping flu viruses from
reproducing in your body.

If you get sick, antiviral drugs can make your illness milder and
make you feel better faster. They may also prevent serious flu
complications.

For treatment, antiviral drugs work best if started soon after
getting sick (within 2 days of symptoms).

What surfaces are most likely to be sources
of contamination?

The virus can be spread when a person touches something that
is contaminated with the virus and then touches his or her eyes,
nose, or mouth.

Droplets from a cough or sneeze of an infected person move
through the air. The virus can then be spread when a person
touches respiratory droplets from another person on a surface
like a desk, doorknob, child’s toy or phone handset and then
touches their own eyes, mouth or nose before washing their
hands.

How long can viruses live outside the body?
We know that some viruses and bacteria can live 2
hours or longer on surfaces like cafeteria tables,
doorknobs, and desks.

Frequent handwashing will help you reduce the
chance of getting contamination from these common
surfaces.

What can I do to protect myself from getting sick?
Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze.
Throw the tissue in the trash after you use it.

Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially after you
cough or sneeze. Alcohol-based hand cleaners are also effective.

Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. The virus can spread this
way.

Try to avoid close contact with sick people.
If you get sick with influenza, stay home from work or school and
limit contact with others to keep from infecting them.

What is the best way to keep from spreading
the virus through coughing or sneezing?

If you are sick, limit your contact with other people as much
as possible. Do not go to work or school if ill.
Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or
sneezing. It may prevent those around you from getting
sick. Put your used tissue in the waste basket.

Cover your cough or sneeze if you do not have a tissue.
Then, clean your hands, and do so every time you cough or
sneeze.

What is the best technique for washing my
hands to avoid getting the flu?

Washing your hands often will help protect you from germs. Wash
with soap and water or clean with alcohol-based hand cleaner.

When you wash your hands -- with soap and warm water -- that
you wash for 15 to 20 seconds. When soap and water are not
available, alcohol-based disposable hand wipes or gel sanitizers
may be used. You can find them in most supermarkets and
drugstores.

If using gel, rub your hands until the gel is dry. The gel doesn't
need water to work; the alcohol in it kills the germs on your
hands.

What should I do if I get sick?
If you live in areas where swine influenza cases have been identified
and become ill with influenza-like symptoms, including fever, body
aches, runny nose, sore throat, nausea, or vomiting or diarrhea, you
may want to contact their health care provider, particularly if you are
worried about your symptoms. Your health care provider will determine
whether influenza testing or treatment is needed.

If you are sick, you should stay home and avoid contact with other
people as much as possible to keep from spreading your illness to
others.

If you become ill and experience any of the following warning signs
(next 2 slides), seek emergency medical care.

In children emergency warning signs that
need urgent medical attention include:

Fast breathing or trouble breathing
Bluish skin color
Not drinking enough fluids
Not waking up or not interacting
Being so irritable that the child does not want to be held
Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and
worse cough
Fever with a rash
In adults, emergency warning signs that need
urgent medical attention include:

Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen
Sudden dizziness
Confusion
Severe or persistent vomiting
Household Cleaning, Laundry, and Waste Disposal
Throw away tissues and other disposable items used by the sick person in
the trash. Wash your hands after touching used tissues and similar waste.

Keep surfaces (esp bedside tables, surfaces in the bathroom, children’s
toys, phone handles, doorknobs) clean by wiping them down with a
household disinfectant according to directions on the product label.

Linens, eating utensils, and dishes belonging to those who are sick do not
need to be cleaned separately, but importantly these items should not be
shared without washing thoroughly first.

Wash linens (such as bed sheets and towels) by using household laundry
soap and tumble dry on a hot setting. Avoid “hugging” laundry prior to
washing it to prevent contaminating yourself. Clean your hands with soap
and water or alcohol-based hand rub right after handling dirty laundry.

Eating utensils should be washed either in a dishwasher or by hand with
water and soap.

Source: http://www.duas.org/pdfs/Swine%20Flu%20Info.pdf

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MEDICAMENTOS “ME TOO” O “YO TAMBIEN” ¿Qué es un medicamento “me- too” o “yo también”? Otro ejemplo es el del Clarinex , expiración de la patente de Claritín únicamente diferenciados por (antihistamínico). El Claritin es un variaciones farmacológicas fármaco que debe metabolizarse Clarinex se diferencia de éste en al

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