NOTICE TO ALL BROADCASTERS AND OTHER COMMERCIAL USERS OF MUSIC SOUND RECORDINGS
In June 2002, President Mbeki signed into law amendments
SAMPRA has been accredited by the Department of Trade
The copyright owner of the music sound recording has an
David du Plessis, SAMPRA’s CEO, Ignatius Smit, SAMPRA’s
to the Copyright Act and the Performers’ Protection Act.
and Industry’s Companies and Intellectual Property
exclusive right to receive a royalty but has an obligation to
National Commercial Manager, or Malcolm Roberts,
These amendments granted the owners of copyright in
Registration Office (CIPRO) as a registered collecting society
share the royalty with the performer whose performance/s
SAMPRA’s Manager of Legal Affairs, during business hours
music sound recordings the exclusive right:
that represents all members of RiSA – the Recording Industry
is/are embodied in each sound recording.
of South Africa. RiSA is the internationally recognized
"to do or to authorise the doing of any of
SAMPRA representatives have embarked on a national
representative association of all South Africa’s leading
In this way, investors in sound recordings will be
licensing programme and have been mandated to make
record companies and has more than 700 members who
remunerated for their investment and risk in creating newsound recordings that are used in the course of the third
contact with all users in all the relevant usage categories.
• Broadcasting the sound recording.
collectively comprise more than 95% of the South Africanmusic recording industry.
parties’ commercial activities, while performers will be
The trading names of record companies and labels that are
• Causing the sound recording to be transmitted in a
remunerated for their performance contributions to those
members of RiSA and the copyright owners of the sound
diffusion service, unless that service transmits a lawful
The purpose of this notice is to inform all broadcasters, and
recordings which may not be broadcast, diffused or
broadcast, including the sound recording, and is
all other commercial businesses that use recorded music
SAMPRA has begun to issue licences to users across a wide
communicated to the public without payment of a licence fee
operated by the original broadcaster.
through any form of broadcasting or through a diffusion
are listed below. These record companies and labels own an
service or through communicating sound recordings to the
• Communicating the sound recording to the public."
estimated 95% of music sound recordings that have been played
public or to their customers, that they have been obliged in
SAMPRA has more than 30 published tariffs that are
on South African radio stations since June 2002 and that are
Although owners and performers have been entitled to be
terms of this legislation to pay a royalty for all such usage to
applicable to various categories of use. Details of the
currently played by broadcasters. SAMPRA offers users a blanket
paid by broadcasters and other users for the commercial use
the owner of each such sound recording since June 2002 –
applicable tariffs are available on SAMPRA’s website
license in respect of all repertoire owned by these record
and that SAMPRA has commenced issuing licences and
of their sound recordings since June 2002, there has been a
(http://www.sampra.org.za) or can be obtained from SAMPRA’s
companies and labels, but is not able to license music sound
collecting royalties on behalf of its members.
long delay in implementing these rights by owners of sound
offices at Suite 4, 150 Bram Fischer Drive cnr Republic Road,
recordings that are owned by non-members of RiSA.
recordings. The delay has been caused primarily by the
The copyright owner of the music sound recording, as defined
All these owners assert their copyright ownership on all
delay in publishing regulations to govern collecting societies
in this legislation, is the person who invested in making the
Information and advice regarding your obligations and
sound carriers, accompanying artwork and packaging of all
which implement and administer the right.
sound recording, being the record company or record label.
rights under the legislation can be obtained by telephoning,
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From the earliest days of music sound recording until 1965, the right of producers of sound recordings to be paid for the broadcast, diffusion
Under the amendments to the Copyright Act and the Performers’ Protection Act, copyright owners of sound recordings and performers will
and communication of their sound recordings to the public in the course of all commercial and business activities existed in South African
now also derive benefit from broadcast, diffusion and communication of their sound recordings in any public or commercial environment
law. In 1965, the right was removed by Parliament at the instance of the government of the day and the lobby of commercial users of
by a third party user in the course of such user’s commercial or business activities.
recorded music. It has taken the recording industry and the South African performer community more than 40 years to restore a right that
In other words, when you pay SAMRO you pay a royalty that is intended to go to the composer of each song that you play. When you pay SAMPRA, you pay a royalty that goes to the artist who performs that song and to the record company that has invested in the recording of
South African businesses have become accustomed to making payment of a licence fee to SAMRO. There is no connection whatsoever between SAMRO and SAMPRA. The SAMRO payment, only covers the copyright in the underlying musical work – the composition itself -
If a user raises a dispute regarding a licence royalty charged by SAMPRA in terms of the applicable tariff, the user may (until such time as
and is not shared in any way by the owner of the sound recording who has invested in the making of the sound recording, or the performer
the matter is resolved by the Copyright Tribunal), continue to use the sound recordings in SAMPRA’s repertoire if the user pays a licence
whose performance is embodied in the sound recording.
fee proposed by SAMPRA into an escrow account.
150 Hendrik Verwoerd Drive (Entrance in Republic Road) Randburg 2194
(Association Incorporated Under Section 21)
Directors: L BILLET; O M CHABANGU; D M DU PLESSIS (CEO);
D K R FORBES; I J HAARBURGER; K S LISTER (CHAIRMAN); T NCIZA;
Tel: 27 (11) 886 1342 Fax: 27 (11) 886 4169
M SARAWAN; I SCHLOSBERG; N P SIBISI; W J VAN NIEKERK; H R VOERMAN
NATIONAL COMMERCIAL MANAGER: I SMIT; LEGAL AFFAIRS MANAGER: M B ROBERTS
Intracellular signal relay and integrationThe development, plasticity and regenerative capabilities of the nervous system involves the proliferation of precursor cells,their differentiation, migration and the formation of their complex interconnexions. These various processes are under thecontrol of extracellular cues inducing intracellular signaling pathways whose relay and integration i
WASOT/SETAC Africa Meeting 7–10 February 2012, Benin, Nigeria University of Benin POSTER PROGRAMME Topic/Author(s) Determination of heavy metal levels in Carica papaya, Manihot esculatum and soil samples from farm lands located around Uyo municipal waste dump. O. Otitoju, Monday Akpanabiatu, Anthony Uwah, J.I. Ndem; University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria Decrease