Maintaining a Good Breast Milk Supply
A summary by Jeanette Cassidy.
Breast feeding is a learnt skil . Some find it so easy, but for many mums there can be many tears shed with episodes of frustration and despair.
When first beginning to breast feed, or when a baby changes its feeding pattern, mums often believe that they are not producing enough milk. Furthermore, as baby gets older and becomes a more efficient and faster feeder, a mum may feel that she isn’t meeting baby's feeding needs.
Mums can also feel that their supply is insufficient if milk stops leaking from their breasts, if they stop feeling the letdown reflex, or lose the 'ful ness' feeling. The loss of these feelings is a normal sign that a mum’s body has adjusted to a baby’s feeding requirements.
LaLache League believe that only 1-2% of women are unable to produce enough milk for their baby. This minority of women does not include those mums who have breast infections, difficulties getting baby to latch on, or a mum’s lack of, or low confidence in her ability to breast feed.
There are also a few medical conditions that can cause a low milk supply.
Drugs, for example, combined contraceptives or cold remedies that contain decongestants such as Pseudoephedrine.
Large blood loss during and after labour.
Birth by Cesarian Section especial y if carried out in an emergency.
One of the common reasons for a mum to give up breast feeding is because she feels that she isn’t producing enough milk. For some mums this indeed may be the case, but for others it may just be case of how and when she is breast feeding and what else can she do to help improve her milk supply.
Ensure that you are sat in an room in which you feel relaxed and happy to breast feed.
Just before breast feeding gently massage your breasts for about 5 minutes.
Prior to feeding, have a warm drink to relax you, and have a glass of water available since breast feeding can make you feel thirsty.
Make sure you have quiet time with your baby so that you can both concentrate on feeding without being distracted.
Tiredness can affect your breast milk supply. It can be extremely difficult to get some sleep whilst caring for a baby, trying to breast feed and dealing with everyday tasks.
Don’t be afraid to ask family or close friends to help and take up any offers of help.
It is important that your husband/partner knows about the importance of rest so that they can support and help you. Ask your partner to massage your shoulders and back as often as possible.
Try and have a relaxing bath or shower each day.
Treat yourself to some nice bath remedies and massage oils
Frequency of Breast Feeds
During the first few weeks a baby wil feed as often as 6-12 times a day. The more baby is put to the breast, the more milk you wil produce.
Make sure baby is correctly latched as you may develop sore nipples.
If baby sucks on your nipples as opposed to the alveoli your supply wil be affected.
Whilst your milk supply is becoming established let baby feed for as often and for as long as he/she needs.
Fluids and Diet.
Try and drink approximately 3L of fluids (but not too much caffeine, or carbonated drinks) in every 24 hours and have about 500 calories more to eat than what you would normal y have.
Diet can affect breast milk volume so it’s important that you take good care of yourself. There is no need to diet when breast feeding.
Skin to Skin Care
Also cal ed ‘Kangaroo Care’. This can real y help with increasing your milk.
Lie baby directly onto your tummy/ breasts and cover his/her back with a soft blanket.
As wel as helping to increase your milk supply you wil find this relaxing and babies love it too! This direct contact also helps babies who are suffering from colic.
You can also try expressing breast milk whilst having skin to skin care. This can also help to increase your milk supply.
There are a number of remedies available which may help to improve and enrich your supply:
Milkmaid Tea contains a blend of organic fennel seed, organic fenugreek, organic nettles, organic red raspberry leaf, organic orange peel and more. This tea can be drunk hot or cold.
More Milk contains blessed thistle, nettle leaf and fennel seed. This does not contain fenugreek and is particularly beneficial for those mums who have suffered from its potential side effect of loose stools.
Fennel tea and Fenugreek tablets can also help to stimulate the production of breast milk by boosting your prolactin levels
There are a number of drugs available which help to increase the levels of prolactin which may help improve your supply. The most common drugs prescribed are Metoclopramide and Domperidone. These drugs can have side effects though, so it is essential to discuss the benefits of starting on this medication with your breast feeding council or or your doctor.
During a growth spurt, a baby wil often feed continually for long periods. It is a baby’s way of helping a mum to produce more milk.
When a baby has a growth spurt he/she will want more milk and wil feed more frequently.
Cluster feeding is a method that baby naturally uses to encourage mum's breast milk supply. Cluster feeding can also be cal ed 'bunch feeding' and is very common. It occurs at a certain time of day, normal y in the evening, when a baby wil bunch a number of feeds altogether over a few hours instead of spreading the feeds out.
Afterwards a baby may sleep for a longer period than normal. It is especially common when a breast fed baby is getting ready to start sleeping through the night.
During cluster feeding or a growth spurt, mum has two more options to help improve her supply.
She can put the baby to the breast as often and as frequently as the baby demands.
She can consider expressing her breast milk.
There are two specific methods of expressing that can be used to boost supply during this cluster and growth spurt period: Power Pumping & Cluster Pumping.
Power pumping requires regular expressing throughout the day, i.e., 2 hourly, including night time, for at least 48 hours. Double pumping is particularly effective.
Cluster pumping requires is expressing for much shorter periods i.e., every 30 minutes, for 10 minutes, for several hours a day. (Casemore, Exclusively Pumping Breast Milk, 2004)
Try to avoid using a dummy for the first 4-6 weeks as this can affect the amount of time a baby wil spend sucking and feeding (which may then affect the amount of milk produced at each feed).
It is easy to get into a 'vicious circle' of insufficient milk production and a restless baby.
Babies stil need to have cluster feeding days when they need a lot more time at the breast in order to increase the amount of milk especial y during a growth spurt. By giving them a dummy during a growth spurt may make baby unsatisfied and unsettled.
This advice is supported by FSID who believe that dummies should not be used by breast feeding babies for the first four weeks, in order to al ow for breast feeding to become established.
For some mums though, breast feeding can take longer than four weeks to establish. For these mums, the introduction of a dummy, if indeed needed, may wel be when the baby is over 4 weeks old.
Finally, when wanting to improve and increase your breast milk supply this information should help,
but ultimately you will need to ensure that you are frequently breast feeding your baby or regularly
expressing your breast milk.
If you require any further information or support please contact Jeanette via our website: www.RichardCassidy.co.uk
Copyright 2008 Jeanette Cassidy, BSc (Hons), RGN, DN, HV, Specialist Practitioner (Public Health)
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