International Committee of Medical Journal Editors Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Sample References Articles in Journals
List the first six authors followed by et al. (Note: NLM now lists allauthors.)
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation inHIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jul 25;347(4):284-7.
As an option, if a journal carries continuous pagination throughout avolume (as many medical journals do) the month and issue numbermay be omitted.
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation inHIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002;347:284-7.
Optional addition of a database's unique identifier for the citation:
Halpern SD, Ubel PA, Caplan AL. Solid-organ transplantation inHIV-infected patients. N Engl J Med. 2002 Jul 25;347(4):284-7. Citedin PubMed; PMID 12140307.
Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK,et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrationsafter cortical contusion injury. Brain Res. 2002;935(1-2):40-6.
Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Hypertension, insulin,and proinsulin in participants with impaired glucose tolerance. Hypertension. 2002;40(5):679-86.
3. Both personal authors and an organization as author (This exampledoes not conform to NISO standards.)
Vallancien G, Emberton M, Harving N, van Moorselaar RJ; Alf-OneStudy Group. Sexual dysfunction in 1,274 European men sufferingfrom lower urinary tract symptoms. J Urol. 2003;169(6):2257-61.
21st century heart solution may have a sting in the tail. BMJ. 2002;325(7357):184.
(Note: NLM translates the title into English, encloses the translation insquare brackets, and adds an abbreviated language designator.)
Ellingsen AE, Wilhelmsen I. Sykdomsangst blant medisin- ogjusstudenter. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2002;122(8):785-7.
Geraud G, Spierings EL, Keywood C. Tolerability and safety offrovatriptan with short- and long-term use for treatment of migraineand in comparison with sumatriptan. Headache. 2002;42 Suppl2:S93-9.
Glauser TA. Integrating clinical trial data into clinical practice. Neurology. 2002;58(12 Suppl 7):S6-12.
Abend SM, Kulish N. The psychoanalytic method from anepistemological viewpoint. Int J Psychoanal. 2002;83(Pt 2):491-5.
Ahrar K, Madoff DC, Gupta S, Wallace MJ, Price RE, Wright KC. Development of a large animal model for lung tumors. J Vasc IntervRadiol. 2002;13(9 Pt 1):923-8.
Banit DM, Kaufer H, Hartford JM. Intraoperative frozen sectionanalysis in revision total joint arthroplasty. Clin Orthop. 2002;(401):230-8.
Outreach: bringing HIV-positive individuals into care. HRSACareaction. 2002 Jun:1-6.
Chadwick R, Schuklenk U. The politics of ethical consensus finding. Bioethics. 2002;16(2):iii-v.
13. Type of article indicated as needed
Tor M, Turker H. International approaches to the prescription oflong-term oxygen therapy [letter]. Eur Respir J. 2002;20(1):242.
Lofwall MR, Strain EC, Brooner RK, Kindbom KA, Bigelow GE. Characteristics of older methadone maintenance (MM) patients[abstract]. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2002;66 Suppl 1:S105.
Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. Safety and tolerability of a rapidlyescalating dose-loading regimen for risperidone. J Clin Psychiatry. 2002;63(2):169. Retraction of: Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. J ClinPsychiatry. 2000;61(12):909-11.
Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. Safety and tolerability of a rapidlyescalating dose-loading regimen for risperidone. J Clin Psychiatry. 2000;61(12):909-11. Retraction in: Feifel D, Moutier CY, Perry W. JClin Psychiatry. 2002;63(2):169.
16. Article republished with corrections
Mansharamani M, Chilton BS. The reproductive importance of P-typeATPases. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2002;188(1-2):22-5. Corrected andrepublished from: Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2001;183(1-2):123-6.
17. Article with published erratum
Malinowski JM, Bolesta S. Rosiglitazone in the treatment of type 2diabetes mellitus: a critical review. Clin Ther. 2000;22(10):1151-68;discussion 1149-50. Erratum in: Clin Ther 2001;23(2):309.
18. Article published electronically ahead of the print version
Yu WM, Hawley TS, Hawley RG, Qu CK. Immortalization of yolksac-derived precursor cells. Blood. 2002 Nov 15;100(10):3828-31. Epub 2002 Jul 5. Books and Other Monographs
Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medicalmicrobiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.
20. Editor(s), compiler(s) as author
Gilstrap LC 3rd, Cunningham FG, VanDorsten JP, editors. Operativeobstetrics. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002.
Breedlove GK, Schorfheide AM. Adolescent pregnancy. 2nd ed. Wieczorek RR, editor. White Plains (NY): March of Dimes EducationServices; 2001.
Royal Adelaide Hospital; University of Adelaide, Department ofClinical Nursing. Compendium of nursing research and practicedevelopment, 1999-2000. Adelaide (Australia): Adelaide University;2001.
Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations inhuman solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. Thegenetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.
Harnden P, Joffe JK, Jones WG, editors. Germ cell tumours V. Proceedings of the 5th Germ Cell Tumour Conference; 2001 Sep13-15; Leeds, UK. New York: Springer; 2002.
Christensen S, Oppacher F. An analysis of Koza's computational effortstatistic for genetic programming. In: Foster JA, Lutton E, Miller J,Ryan C, Tettamanzi AG, editors. Genetic programming. EuroGP 2002:Proceedings of the 5th European Conference on Genetic Programming;2002 Apr 3-5; Kinsdale, Ireland. Berlin: Springer; 2002. p. 182-91.
26. Scientific or technical report
Yen GG (Oklahoma State University, School of Electrical andComputer Engineering, Stillwater, OK). Health monitoring onvibration signatures. Final report. Arlington (VA): Air Force Office ofScientific Research (US), Air Force Research Laboratory; 2002 Feb. Report No.: AFRLSRBLTR020123. Contract No.: F496209810049.
Russell ML, Goth-Goldstein R, Apte MG, Fisk WJ. Method formeasuring the size distribution of airborne Rhinovirus. Berkeley (CA):Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Environmental EnergyTechnologies Division; 2002 Jan. Report No.: LBNL49574. ContractNo.: DEAC0376SF00098. Sponsored by the Department of Energy.
Borkowski MM. Infant sleep and feeding: a telephone survey ofHispanic Americans [dissertation]. Mount Pleasant (MI): CentralMichigan University; 2002.
Pagedas AC, inventor; Ancel Surgical R&D Inc., assignee. Flexibleendoscopic grasping and cutting device and positioning tool assembly. United States patent US 20020103498. 2002 Aug 1. Other Published Material
Tynan T. Medical improvements lower homicide rate: study sees dropin assault rate. The Washington Post. 2002 Aug 12;Sect. A:2 (col. 4).
Chason KW, Sallustio S. Hospital preparedness for bioterrorism[videocassette]. Secaucus (NJ): Network for Continuing MedicalEducation; 2002.
Public law:Veterans Hearing Loss Compensation Act of 2002, Pub. L. No. 107-9,115 Stat. 11 (May 24, 2001).
Unenacted bill:Healthy Children Learn Act, S. 1012, 107th Cong., 1st Sess. (2001).
Code of Federal Regulations:Cardiopulmonary Bypass Intracardiac Suction Control, 21 C.F.R. Sect. 870.4430 (2002).
Hearing:Arsenic in Drinking Water: An Update on the Science, Benefits andCost: Hearing Before the Subcomm. on Environment, Technology andStandards of the House Comm. on Science, 107th Cong., 1st Sess. (Oct. 4, 2001).
Pratt B, Flick P, Vynne C, cartographers. Biodiversity hotspots [map]. Washington: Conservation International; 2000.
33. Dictionary and similar references
Dorland's illustrated medical dictionary. 29th ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders; 2000. Filamin; p. 675. Unpublished Material
(Note: NLM prefers "forthcoming" because not all items will beprinted.)
Tian D, Araki H, Stahl E, Bergelson J, Kreitman M. Signature ofbalancing selection in Arabidopsis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. In press2002. Electronic Material
Anderson SC, Poulsen KB. Anderson's electronic atlas of hematology[CD-ROM]. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002.
36. Journal article on the Internet
Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANAacts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [serial on the Internet]. 2002 Jun[cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about 3 p.]. Available from:http://www.nursingworld.org/AJN/2002/june/Wawatch.htm
Foley KM, Gelband H, editors. Improving palliative care for cancer[monograph on the Internet]. Washington: National Academy Press;2001 [cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from:http://www.nap.edu/books/0309074029/html/.
Cancer-Pain.org [homepage on the Internet]. New York: Associationof Cancer Online Resources, Inc.; c2000-01 [updated 2002 May 16;cited 2002 Jul 9]. Available from: http://www.cancer-pain.org/.
American Medical Association [homepage on the Internet]. Chicago:The Association; c1995-2002 [updated 2001 Aug 23; cited 2002 Aug12]. AMA Office of Group Practice Liaison; [about 2 screens]. Available from:http://www.ama-assn.org/ama/pub/category/1736.html
Open database:Who's Certified [database on the Internet]. Evanston (IL): TheAmerican Board of Medical Specialists. c2000 - [cited 2001 Mar 8]. Available from: http://www.abms.org/newsearch.asp
Closed database:Jablonski S. Online Multiple Congenital Anomaly/Mental Retardation(MCA/MR) Syndromes [database on the Internet]. Bethesda (MD):National Library of Medicine (US). c1999 [updated 2001 Nov 20; cited2002 Aug 12]. Available from:http://www.nlm.nih.gov/archive//20061212/mesh/jablonski/syndrome_title.html
41. Part of a database on the Internet
MeSH Browser [database on the Internet]. Bethesda (MD): NationalLibrary of Medicine (US); 2002 - [cited 2003 Jun 10]. Meta-analysis;unique ID: D015201; [about 3 p.]. Available from:http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/MBrowser.html Files updated weekly.
At Woodland’s we recognise that parents have the prime responsibility for their child’s health and that it is their responsibility to provide school with information about their child’s medical condition. Parents, should obtain details from their child’s General Practitioner (GP) or paediatrician, if needed. The school doctor or nurse or a health visitor and specialist voluntary bodies ma
PAN MERSEY AREA PRESCRIBING COMMITTEE PRESCRIBING POLICY STATEMENT Pan Mersey REF: 13/01 FINAL DATE OF APPROVAL: 9 JAN 2013 PHOSPHODIESTERASE TYPE-5 INHIBITORS for the treatment of erectile dysfunction The pan Mersey Area Prescribing Committee recommends sildenafil as the phosphodiesterase type-5 inhibitor of choice for the treatment of erectile dysfunction a